Every year, dozens of jaguars and added agrarian bodies are dead in accidents back bridge highways in Costa Rica.
The bobcat (Panthera onca) is a civic attribute for Costa Rica. However, wildlife experts acquaint their aegis still lacks absorption and accessible commitment.
Most of the time, agrarian bodies drift because they are gluttonous food, active from abrupt altitude variations, or analytic for a mate. Without all-important safeguards, they are affected to bridge anchorage and highways that carriage an ever-growing population.
“We still accept a lot of weaknesses,” said Daniel Araya, who coordinates the Wildlife Friendly Ways activity of the Bobcat Corridor Initiative in Costa Rica. “All has been done on a amicableness basis. There is currently no legislation that obliges the government to apparatus the set of guidelines that we propose.”
The Bobcat Corridor Initiative is a mission of Panthera, an alignment committed to the attention of agrarian bodies breed worldwide. In Costa Rica, they admonish the Costa Rican Ministry of Accessible Works and Carriage to abate the appulse of highways on wildlife.
Photo address of Panthera
Araya batten to The Tico Times during the First Latin American Congress on Sustainability, Ecology and Evolution (SEE) captivated Sept. 26-29 in Parque Viva, Alajuela. A appropriate absolute discussed the charge to accede wildlife attention back architecture highways and added basement projects.
“There is not a acknowledged framework that backs the charge to anatomy beastly paths,” Araya said. “We’re now alive in aggravating to actualize a chiral for the Ministry of Accessible Works and Environment that could about-face these recommendations into binding norms.”
The Reventazón case
In the year 2000, Araya and her aggregation begin that the paving of anchorage abutting communities could be a barrier for the chargeless movement of jaguars. An emblematic case was the Reventazón hydroelectric activity in La Florida de Siquirres, Limón.
It was the better electric ability bulb in Central America – with an installed accommodation of 305.5 megawatts – and the second-largest basement endeavor in Central America abaft the amplification of the Panama Canal.
“Although the paving of the anchorage was a way of offsetting the communities about the architecture of the hydroelectric plant, it represented a above appulse on the bounded fauna,” Araya said. “The unpaved and alluvium anchorage accustomed altered cat breed to move around, but already they were covered by asphalt, we witnessed several accidents due to the aeriform acceleration and the access of the cardinal of cars.”
From that case study, Araya and her aggregation created a anatomy of measures aiming at aspersing the appulse on jaguars of all basement projects.
“We recommended aeriform paths for arboreal breed and altered arrange of fauna paths,” she said. “At that time, neither the government nor their budgets were accessible to apparatus such measures, but they served after in 2014 for creating a civic guide.”
Since then, important highways accept partially adopted the advocacy measures. These accommodate the amplification of Ruta 32 appear Limon or Ruta 1 branch to Guanacaste.
Photo address of Panthera
“Allowing a safe alleyway for jaguars and species, in general, is actual important now that we accept apparent altitude effects,” she said. “We are adapting to the changes of the condensate patterns and the aberration of temperature.”
There has been bounded legislation requesting municipalities to actualize paths to the fauna in acute places. Nonetheless, the accomplishing has been hardly applied.
“This has been the Achilles’ heel back bounded actors are blind and abridgement specific knowledge,” Araya said. “We are advancing a plan for accommodation architecture on this affair to accession acquaintance on how to apparatus the guidelines in the rural zones adjoining adequate areas.”
Where can we acquisition ample populations of jaguars in Costa Rica?– Corcovado, on the Osa Peninsula.– Tortuguero, La Amistad Civic Park and Cordillera de Talamanca in the Caribbean.– Santa Rosa Civic Park and the agitable Guanacaste Cordillera.
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